Diabetes, a metabolic disease which causes higher than normal levels of sugar in the bloodstream, is often referred to as "the sugar" or "sugar." Unlike many other diseases, diabetes is preventable and manageable. Still, diabetes causes more deaths a year than breast cancer and AIDS combined. The key is early detection, proper education, monitoring, and management.
There are 3 different types of diabetes, type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.
In Type 1 diabetes, the body is unable to produce insulin, the hormone which converts sugar, starches, and some other types of food into energy. Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, but is most commonly diagnosed in people before they enter adulthood.
Type 2 diabetes is most common of the types of diabetes, and is caused when either your body does not use the insulin it produces properly or the cells will not accept the insulin that is produced.
Gestational diabetes occurs in approximately 18% of women during pregnancy and is only temporary.
All 3 types of diabetes require treatment. Without treatment, diabetes can cause damage to your eyes, kidneys, and nerves (diabetic peripheral neuropathy). It can also cause stroke, heart disease, or require removal of a nerve-damaged limb.
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
- Urinating often
- Feeling very thirsty
- Feeling very hungry - even though you are eating
- Extreme fatigue
- Blurry vision
- Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal
- Weight loss - even though you are eating more (type 1)
- Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands/feet (type 2)
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